Local government units (LGUs) work hand in hand with local community stakeholders such as business establishment, community organizations, health care organizations, schools, and individuals in formatting and implementing programs and policies on disease prevention and management.
Corollary to this, the most vulnerable sectors in our community that are prone to diseases are the young people. Aside being provided with medical care, the young should be trained in self-encouraging skills.
The community that prioritizes health puts its citizens at an advantage. Ideally, policies and programs for health target communities where there is increased mortality rate (which affects the length of life) and morbidityrate (which affects the quality of life). As such, these are areas that communities focus on in order to implement health programs and policies:
- Healthy behavior. Lifestyle has a direct bearing on health. Avoiding smoking, moderating alcohol intake, eating healthy foods, and exercising regularly help people avoid preventable chronic conditions.
- Clinical care. Having access to quality healthcare services in clinics or hospital can greatly help in the improvement of public health, thus enabling people to survive illness and live longer. For healthcare to be accessible, it should be affordable and meet the needs of patients when, where, and how it is needed.
- Social and economic factors. Factors such as one’s job type, income level, educational attainment, and social interactions can greatly affect personal health. Adequate health education reduces people’s exposure to various health conditions and diseases. Jobs with greater security, less stress, and less exposure to danger will have a better access and a wider degree of options for healthcare. In addition, people who can rely on the interpersonal support of their family, friends, and community usually live longer and healthier lives.
- Physical environment. The characteristics of one’s environment can affect one’s health in manifold ways. Air and water pollution are two common environmental factors that can lead to increased incidence of respiratory disease, gastrointestinal disorders, and other illness. The availability, variety, and price of healthy foods in an area will affect whether or not these food are consumed. The availability of recreational facilities in a community affects the likelihood of the residents engaging in physical activity.
When an array of programs is available and accessible to everybody, being healthy becomes a matter of choice. One has to make the right choices to be healthy. This is where self-monitoring skills will be much needed.
Self-monitoring Skill. With disease prevention and control, one can monitor one’s susceptibility to common diseases. One has to “disease-proof” oneself by eating the right amount and type of food, getting enough sleep. Engaging in exercise, and exhibiting an optimistic attitude. One’s self-monitoring can also affect others and encourage them to do the same.